NASA's agenda for 2018: Celebrate 60th year and 'touch' the Sun
New Delhi: 2018 will be a special year for American space agency NASA, owing to the fact that it will be turning 60-years-old.
While the space agency is certainly looking forward to the celebrations, it is also gearing up for the launch of a slew of important missions in the new year.
One of those missions is the Parker Solar Probe, which is scheduled for launch in 2018 to explore the Sun’s outer atmosphere.
The probe will ‘touch’ the Sun by using Venus’ gravity during seven flybys over nearly seven years to gradually bring its orbit closer to the Sun, according to a NASA statement.
The spacecraft will fly through the Sun’s atmosphere as close as 6.2 million kilometers to our star’s surface, well within the orbit of Mercury and closer than any spacecraft has gone before.
The Parker Solar Probe will perform its scientific investigations in a hazardous region of intense heat and solar radiation.
The primary science goals for the mission are to trace how energy and heat move through the solar corona and to explore what accelerates the solar wind as well as solar energetic particles.
In 2018, NASA will also add to its existing robotic fleet at the Red Planet with the InSight Mars lander designed to study the interior and subsurface of the planet .
The US space agency’s first asteroid sample return mission, OSIRIS-REx, is scheduled to arrive at the near-Earth asteroid Bennu in August 2018, and will return a sample for study in 2023.
Launching no later than June 2018, the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) will search for planets outside our solar system by monitoring 200,000 bright, nearby stars.
To continue the long-term record of how Earth’s ice sheets, sea level, and underground water reserves are changing, NASA will also launch the next generation of two missions – ICESat-2 and GRACE Follow-On – in 2018.
(With IANS inputs)
Via:: Zee News – Environment